A cold-cathode ionization gauge is the pinning gauge. An annular electrode (anode) is positioned between a pair of parallel plate electrodes (cathode) in the Penning (vacuum) gauge, and a magnetic field is applied parallel to their axes to increase electron travel distance. Because constant discharge occurs even at low pressure, the Penning gauge is able to measure the pressure between 1 and 10-4 Pa in the middle to high vacuum region.
The vacuum's pressure is inversely proportional to the current produced. Because it is robust and simple to use, the gauge is used to switch the evacuation system for a TEM from diffusion pumping (DP) to sputter ion pumping (SIP).
The Global Penning Gauge Market size is projected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 3.9% during the forecast period.
While the widespread use of pressure sensors in automated intelligent controls and wearable electronics results in an increase in shipment, price erosion significantly impedes sales growth. This is in part due to the fierce competition among the growing number of pressure sensor manufacturers, which is prompting rapid innovation in the creation of new IoT and portable applications. Several businesses are focusing their R&D efforts on making pressure sensors that are affordable.
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An ordinary Penning gauge is a type of pressure gauge that uses low-pressure gas discharge to measure pressure. It consists of two electrodes placed inside a glass or ceramic tube containing a low-pressure gas. The gas is ionized by applying a high voltage to the electrodes, and the resulting current is proportional to the pressure in the system.
A Magnetron Penning gauge is a type of pressure gauge that uses a combination of a magnetron and a Penning discharge to measure pressure. The gauge consists of a cathode and an anode, between which a low-pressure gas is ionized. A magnetic field is applied to the discharge to increase the ionization rate, resulting in a more accurate pressure measurement.
Penning gauges are widely used in laboratory settings, such as in vacuum chambers and scientific experiments, to measure low-pressure gases and vacuum levels.
Penning gauges are also used in various industrial applications, such as in semiconductor manufacturing, vacuum coating, and vacuum furnaces, where precise control of pressure is crucial to the production process.
Other applications of Penning gauges include vacuum packaging, medical equipment, and space technology.
|Market Size||USD XX Billion by 2030|
|Report Coverage||Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends|
The Global Penning Gauge Market is segmented by region as North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa.
The North American market for Penning gauges is expected to grow due to the presence of major semiconductor manufacturing companies in the region. The United States is a significant market for Penning gauges due to the increasing demand for vacuum technology in the semiconductor industry.
The European market for Penning gauges is expected to grow due to the increasing demand for vacuum technology in the pharmaceutical and aerospace industries. The United Kingdom, Germany, and France are the major markets for Penning gauges in the region.
The Asia Pacific market for Penning gauges is expected to grow due to the increasing demand for vacuum technology in the semiconductor industry. China, Japan, and South Korea are the major markets for Penning gauges in the region.
The Latin American market for Penning gauges is expected to grow due to the increasing demand for vacuum technology in the food processing industry. Brazil and Mexico are the major markets for Penning gauges in the region.
The Middle East and Africa market for Penning gauges is expected to grow due to the increasing demand for vacuum technology in the oil and gas industry. Saudi Arabia, UAE, and South Africa are the major markets for Penning gauges in the region.